Plastic surgery is a surgical specialty involving the restoration, reconstruction, or alteration of the human body.It can be divided into two categories.
- The first is reconstructive surgery which includes craniofacial surgery, hand surgery, microsurgery, and the treatment of burns.
- The other is cosmetic or aesthetic surgery.
While reconstructive surgery aims to reconstruct a part of the body or improve its functioning, cosmetic surgery aims at improving the appearance of it.
In the term “plastic surgery”, the adjective plastic implies sculpting and/or reshaping, which is derived from the Greek word – plastikos, “the art of modelling” of malleable human tissues.